Day Zero – Civics Test Questions – History, Symbols, and Holidays

Daily blog: It’s December 1st, and time to look at the final questions of The United States of America’s naturalization test, some of which I have commented on in red.

The civics test is an oral test, and the USCIS officer will ask 20 out of the 128 civics test questions. You must answer at least 12 questions correctly to pass the 2020 version of the civics test.

A: Colonial Period and Independence

73. The colonists came to America for many reasons. Name one.

  • Freedom
  • Political liberty
  • Religious freedom
  • Economic opportunity
  • Escape persecution

And I can guarantee you they did not come here to have their grandchildren throw it all away in less than 250 years.

74. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?*

  • American Indians
  • Native Americans

75. What group of people was taken and sold as slaves?

  • Africans
  • People from Africa

76. What war did the Americans fight to win independence from Britain?

  • American Revolution
  • The (American) Revolutionary War
  • War for (American) Independence

77. Name one reason why the Americans declared independence from Britain.

  • High taxes 
  • Taxation without representation
  • British soldiers stayed in Americans’ houses (boarding, quartering)
  • They did not have self-government
  • Boston Massacre
  • Boston Tea Party (Tea Act)
  • Stamp Act
  • Sugar Act
  • Townshend Acts
  • Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

They are rolling over in their graves at what we are putting up with today.

78. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?*

  • (Thomas) Jefferson

79. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

  • July 4, 1776

80. The American Revolution had many important events. Name one.

  • (Battle of) Bunker Hill
  • Declaration of Independence 
  • Washington Crossing the Delaware (Battle of Trenton)
  • (Battle of) Saratoga
  • Valley Forge (Encampment)
  • (Battle of) Yorktown (British surrender at Yorktown)

81. There were 13 original states. Name five.

  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

82. What founding document was written in 1787?

  • (U.S.) Constitution

83. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

  • (James) Madison
  • (Alexander) Hamilton
  • (John) Jay
  • Publius

84. Why were the Federalist Papers important?

  • They helped people understand the (U.S.) Constitution.
  • They supported passing the (U.S.) Constitution.

85. Benjamin Franklin is famous for many things. Name one

  • Founded the first free public libraries
  • First Postmaster General of the United States
  • Helped write the Declaration of Independence
  • Inventor
  • U.S. diplomat

86. George Washington is famous for many things. Name one.* 

  • “Father of Our Country” 
  • First president of the United States                                   
  • General of the Continental Army
  • President of the Constitutional Convention

87. Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. Name one.

  • Writer of the Declaration of Independence                   
  • Third president of the United States
  • Doubled the size of the United States (Louisiana Purchase)                                   
  • First Secretary of State
  • Founded the University of Virginia
  • Writer of the Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom

88. James Madison is famous for many things. Name one

  • “Father of the Constitution”                     
  • Fourth president of the United States
  • President during the War of 1812
  • One of the writers of the Federalist Papers

89. Alexander Hamilton is famous for many things. Name one.

  • First Secretary of the Treasury
  • One of the writers of the Federalist Papers
  • Helped establish the First Bank of the United States
  • Aide to General George Washington
  • Member of the Continental Congress

B: 1800s

90. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

  • Louisiana Territory                           
  • Louisiana

91. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s. 

  • War of 1812 
  • Mexican-American War 
  • Civil War 
  • Spanish-American War

92. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

  • The Civil War

93. The Civil War had many important events. Name one

  • (Battle of) Fort Sumter 
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • (Battle of) Vicksburg
  • (Battle of) Gettysburg 
  • Sherman’s March
  • (Surrender at) Appomattox
  • (Battle of) Antietam/Sharpsburg
  • Lincoln was assassinated.

94. Abraham Lincoln is famous for many things. Name one.*  

  • Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
  • Saved (or preserved) the Union
  • Led the United States during the Civil War
  • 16th president of the United States
  • Delivered the Gettysburg Address

95. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

  • Freed the slaves 
  • Freed slaves in the Confederacy 
  • Freed slaves in the Confederate states 
  • Freed slaves in most Southern states

96. What U.S. war ended slavery?

  • The Civil War

97. What amendment gives citizenship to all persons born in the United States?

  • 14th Amendment

98. When did all men get the right to vote?

  • After the Civil War
  • During Reconstruction 
  • (With the) 15th Amendment
  • 1870

99. Name one leader of the women’s rights movement in the 1800s.

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Sojourner Truth
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Lucretia Mott
  • Lucy Stone

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

100. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

  • World War I 
  • World War II 
  • Korean War 
  • Vietnam War 
  • (Persian) Gulf War

101. Why did the United States enter World War I?

  • Because Germany attacked U.S. (civilian) ships
  • To support the Allied Powers (England, France, Italy, and Russia)
  • To oppose the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria)

102. When did all women get the right to vote? 

  • 1920
  • After World War I
  • (With the) 19th Amendment

103. What was the Great Depression?

  • Longest economic recession in modern history

104. When did the Great Depression start?

  • The Great Crash (1929)
  • Stock market crash of 1929

105. Who was president during the Great Depression and World War II? 

  • (Franklin) Roosevelt

106. Why did the United States enter World War II?

  • (Bombing of) Pearl Harbor
  • Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor
  • To support the Allied Powers (England, France, and Russia)
  • To oppose the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan)

107. Dwight Eisenhower is famous for many things. Name one

  • General during World War II
  • President at the end of (during) the Korean War
  • 34th president of the United States
  • Signed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 (Created the Interstate System) 

108. Who was the United States’ main rival during the Cold War?

  • Soviet Union
  • USSR
  • Russia

109. During the Cold War, what was one main concern of the United States?

  • Communism
  • Nuclear war

110. Why did the United States enter the Korean War?

  • To stop the spread of communism

111. Why did the United States enter the Vietnam War?

  • To stop the spread of communism

112. What did the civil rights movement do?

  • Fought to end racial discrimination

113. Martin Luther King, Jr. is famous for many things. Name one.* 

  • Fought for civil rights
  • Worked for equality for all Americans
  • Worked to ensure that people would “not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character”

And yet, some people today are trying to judge whites by the color of their skin. Maybe they should remember his message, which I agree with.

114. Why did the United States enter the Persian Gulf War?

  • To force the Iraqi military from Kuwait

115. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?*

  • Terrorists attacked the United States 
  • Terrorists took over two planes and crashed them into the World Trade Center in New York City
  • Terrorists took over a plane and crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia
  • Terrorists took over a plane originally aimed at Washington, D.C., and crashed in a field in Pennsylvania

116. Name one U.S. military conflict after the September 11, 2001 attacks. 

  • (Global) War on Terror
  • War in Afghanistan 
  • War in Iraq 

117. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

  • Apache
  • Blackfeet
  • Cayuga
  • Cherokee
  • Cheyenne
  • Chippewa
  • Choctaw
  • Creek
  • Crow
  • Hopi
  • Huron
  • Inupiat
  • Lakota
  • Mohawk 
  • Mohegan
  • Navajo
  • Oneida
  • Onondaga 
  • Pueblo
  • Seminole 
  • Seneca
  • Shawnee
  • Sioux 
  • Teton
  • Tuscarora

For a complete list of tribes, please visit

118. Name one example of an American innovation.

  • Light bulb
  • Automobile (cars, combustible engine)
  • Skyscrapers 
  • Airplane
  • Assembly line
  • Landing on the moon
  • Integrated circuit (IC)


A: Symbols

119. What is the capital of the United States?

  • Washington, D.C. 

120. Where is the Statue of Liberty?  

  • New York (Harbor)  
  • Liberty Island [Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

121. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?*

  • (Because there were) 13 original colonies
  • (Because the stripes) represent the original colonies

122. Why does the flag have 50 stars?

  • (Because there is) one star for each state
  • (Because) each star represents a state
  • (Because there are) 50 states

123. What is the name of the national anthem?

  • The Star-Spangled Banner

124. The Nation’s first motto was “E Pluribus Unum.” What does that mean?

  • Out of many, one
  • We all become one

B: Holidays

125. What is Independence Day?

  • A holiday to celebrate U.S. independence (from Britain)
  • The country’s birthday

126. Name three national U.S. holidays.*

  • New Year’s Day 
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. Day 
  • Presidents Day (Washington’s Birthday)
  • Memorial Day 
  • Independence Day 
  • Labor Day 
  • Columbus Day 
  • Veterans Day 
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Christmas Day

127. What is Memorial Day?

  • A holiday to honor soldiers who died in military service

128. What is Veterans Day?

  • A holiday to honor people in the (U.S.) military
  • A holiday to honor people who have served (in the U.S. military)

Without our veterans, there would be no America.

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